Community Nutrition for Developing Countries

Community Nutrition for Developing Countries

A co-publication with UNISA Press

Nutrition textbooks used by universities and colleges in developing countries have very often been written by scholars who live and work in North America or the United Kingdom. And while the research and information they present is sound, the nutrition-related health challenges with which developing countries must grapple differ considerably from those found in highly industrialized Western nations. The primary aim of Community Nutrition for Developing Countries is to provide a book that meets the needs of nutritionists and other health professionals living and working in developing countries. Written by both scholars and practitioners, the volume draws on their wealth of knowledge, experience, and understanding of nutrition in developing countries to provide nutrition professionals with all the information they require. Each chapter addresses a specific nutrition challenge currently faced by developing countries such as food security, food safety, disease prevention, maternal health, and effective nutrition policy. In addition, the volume serves as an invaluable resource for those developing and implementing nutrition education programmes. With an emphasis on nutritional education as a means to prevent disease and effectively manage health disorders, it is the hope of the nearly three dozen contributors to this work that it will enhance the health and well-being of low-income populations throughout the world.

Table of Contents

Table of Contents
Cover 1
Half-Title 2
Title 4
Contents 8
Foreword: Frits Pannekoek 11
Preface 13
Introduction 14
PART 1 THE FOOD AND NUTRITION SITUATION IN DEVELOPING COUNTRIES 17
Chapter 1 A Human Rights–Based Approach to Community and Public Nutrition: Theoretical Underpinnings and Evolving Experiences 18
Chapter 2 Food Security, Dietary Diversity, and Biodiversity: Food and Nutrition Security in Developing Countries 39
Chapter 3 Food Cultures 64
Chapter 4 The Nutrition Transition in Developing Countries 71
PART 2 LIFECYCLE NUTRITION 81
Chapter 5 Nutrition During the First Thousand Days of Life, Part I: Pregnancy and Lactation 82
Chapter 6 Nutrition During the First Thousand Days of Life, Part II: Infant Feeding and Development 100
Chapter 7 Nutrition for School-age Children: Assessment, Analysis, and Action 121
Chapter 8 Nutrient Requirements and Factors Affecting Nutritional Status in Older Adults 146
PART 3 THE ROLE OF NUTRITION IN THE PREVENTION AND TREATMENT OF DISEASE 171
Chapter 9 Nutritional Management of Multiple Nutrient Deficiencies 172
Chapter 10 Nutritional Management of HIV/AIDS, TB, and Other Infectious Diseases 194
Chapter 11 Nutritional Management of Diarrhoea 223
Chapter 12 Nutritional Management of Chronic Diseases 241
Chapter 13 Nutrition and Chronic Disease: Looking at the Big Picture 267
PART 4 FROM FOOD GUIDES TO NUTRITION EDUCATION 291
Chapter 14 Dietary Recommendations, Food Guides, and Food Labels 292
Chapter 15 Nutrition Education 302
PART 5 KEY COMPONENTS OF COMMUNITY-BASED NUTRITION PROGRAMMES 327
Chapter 16 Planning of Nutrition Programmes: An Outline 328
Chapter 17 Achieving Success in Community-Based Nutrition Programmes 338
Chapter 18 The Evaluation of Community-based Nutrition Programmes 349
PART 6 POPULATION NUTRITION AND THE ROLE OF GOVERNMENT 365
Chapter 19 Barriers to Progress Towards a Healthier Diet: The Need for Government Action 366
Chapter 20 The Development of Government Policies on Food and Nutrition 379
PART 7 ASSESSING NUTRITION STATUS 391
Chapter 21 Nutrition Surveillance 392
Chapter 22 Assessing Nutritional Status: Dietary Intake, Anthropometry, Clinical Signs and Symptoms, and Laboratory Tests 407
PART 8 FOOD SERVICES AND FOOD SAFETY 425
Chapter 23 Providing Meals in Institutional Settings 426
Chapter 24 Food Quality and Food Safety 447
PART 9 A BROADER PERSPECTIVE 465
Chapter 25 The Nutrition Profession in Africa: Meeting Current and Future Challenges 466
Chapter 26 The Problem of Misleading and Unscientific Information Regarding Nutrition 474
Chapter 27 Nutrition Challenges of a Changing World 484
Appendix I: Sources of Reliable Information on Nutrition 502
Appendix II: Aids to Calculations 504
Appendix III: Dietary Reference Intakes (DRI) 506
List of Contributors 507